Anne McDonald (1961 - 2010)
Anne was a wonderful writer, a powerful advocate, and a good friend.
The part Anne played in this world is best summed up in an address she delivered at Parliament House in 2008 when she won the National Disability Award for Personal Achievement.
"I spent my childhood and adolescence in a state institution for severely disabled children. I was starved and neglected. A hundred and sixty of my friends died there. I am a survivor.
"That isn't a heroic achievement. Anyone who was put into a large institution in the times when large institutions were sugar-coated concentration camps was as much a hero as I was. They stayed alive when they could, and they died when they couldn't. Such heroism is easy to achieve in giant barracks where the prisoners stay alive through being cheery enough to attract a staff member to give them that vital extra spoonful of food.
"I wasn't exceptional in anything other than my good luck. I was selected for an experiment.
Rosemary Crossley wanted a subject for her Bachelor of Education literacy project. She chose me. The aim of the experiment was to see if I could make gains in my tight-armed pointing to blocks with different colours on them.
Rosemary found I could point to colours, then to words, and then to letters.
She taught me to spell and to make my wishes known.
I made known my wish to leave the institution, and then all hell broke loose.
"I went to the Supreme Court and won the right to manage my own affairs. Unfortunately, that didn't mean that the institution offered the other residents the right to manage their own affairs. I was an exception. Through no desire of my own, I was out front in the struggle to get rights for people without speech.
"I tried to show the world that when people without speech were given the opportunity to participate in education, we could succeed. I went to Deakin University and got myself a degree. That, too, was seen as an exception.
"I gave papers and wrote articles on the right to communicate. I set up a website to show that there was hope for people without speech. People thanked me for being an inspiration; however, they didn't understand why there weren't more like me. They continued to act as if speech was the same thing as intelligence, and to pretend that you can tell a person's capacity by whether or not they can speak.
"Please listen to me now.
"The worst thing about being an inspiration is that you have to be perfect. I am a normal person with only normal courage. Some people who should know better have tried to give me a halo. Anybody could have done what I have done if they too had been taken out of hell as I was.
"If you let other people without speech be helped as I was helped they will say more than I can say.
They will tell you that the humanity we share is not dependent on speech.
They will tell you that the power of literacy lies within us all.
They will tell you that I am not an exception, only a bad example.
"Many are left behind. We still neglect people without speech. We still leave them without a means of communication. It should be impossible to miss out on literacy training, but thousands of Australians still do.
"As Stephen Jay Gould wrote, We pass through this world but once. Few tragedies can be more extensive than the stunting of a life, few injustices deeper than the denial of an opportunity to strive or even to hope, by a limit imposed from without, but falsely identified as lying within."
With Anne's death, too, we lose a witness to horrors that we are today rapidly forgetting.
"Within our lifetime, children were starved to death in a building a short walk from Parliament House. I have worked all my life trying to remember what happened in St. Nicholas in sufficient detail to convince others of its truth and trying to ensure that it never happens to anybody else."
Annie's Coming Out
This book Anne co-authored with Rosemary Crossley. First published by Penguin Books Australia, 1980. Reprinted with revisions, 1984. E-published with revisions by DEAL Books, 2010.